1.LA SAGRADA FAMILIA
When the Barcelona is mentioned, ‘Gaudi’ is the first person to flashes minds. Sagrada Familia is shown as the one of the reasons for Barcelona’s popularity. Protected by UNESCO World Heritage Site, this wonderful monument comes as first to visit by many tourists.
It has began to established on 1882 by Francisco de Paula del Villar y Lozano, however, Gaudi was assigned later after Francisco had conflict with the San Jose Religious Association.
Gaudi spent all this life to build this monument spending day and night there. He worked for 43 years for his most important masterpiece. When they asked, when will he complete the construction of the church, he answered, ‘the employer isn’t rushing’
However, the basilica ended up incomplete after he was crushed by tramway and passed away on 1926. As the construction is still going on, La Sagrada Familia’s construction is stopped for a while when the Gaudi’s notes burned during the civil war in Spain on 1936-1939. On 1940, a group of architects started to work on it again. Dali defended the opinion that, it’s betreyal to continue to the construction of the monument after its artist passed away. And he was in conflict with the architects. One way or another, the ongoing construction is planned to be completed on 2030 by following the Gaudi’s notes.
One of the masters of the modern art movement, Gaudi was inspired from nature to come up with La Sagrada Familia. While looking around, you will see the columns were emulated tree branches, staircases golden proportion of snails.
Outdoor 4 huge samptious tower is called the connection between earth and the paradise by Gaudi. While Gaudi was processing the church, he left many mystery to the riddle fans. The Prophet Isa’s relief in entrance will look at you wherever you go, Judas betreyal portrayed sculptures paintings total is 33just some of them.
Once you arrive to Barcelona, probably the first place you come will be this crowded vibrant lively Street La Rambla. Alive for 24 hours, La Ramla is very much suitable for bucked walk as the Street is placed with arranged plane trees. Starting from Plaça de Catalunya Square, ends in Mirador de Colomb monument, La Rambla is 1.2 km road filled with cafes, tapas restaurants, lovely souvenior shops, and most of the halal restaurants where you can taste traditional local food. Afternoons are colorful with Street musicians and artists.
Rambla word comes from Arabic,rooted as ‘raml’ meaning ‘ stream bad’ . After the collapse of the old town Barcino’s tires, La Rambla is established on water fortress which comes from mountains that are covered Barcelona.
There are many places to see around La Rambla which is the connection between Catalunya Square to harbor. For example ‘Fort de Canaletes’ placed on the site of Catalunya, is one of the fountains made in 19th century. It’s possible to drink water from there. One of the most important places in this busy Street is ‘ Mercat de La Boqueria’ where the local’s Daily bazaar which is interesting for tourists because of the tapas bars, restaurants, fresh food and fruit and handmade choclattes sold inside.
The big Opera Building ‘Gran Teatre del Liceu’ (1847)is also placed in this area. Kristof Colomb status is built in the name of his discovery of America and coming back to Spain is placed at the end of the Street
3.MERCAT DE LA BOQUERIA
This market would be my favorite with its fresh chocolate and variety of food choices within. Lies in La Rambla Street, La Boqueria is covered bazaar and famous all around the World. Experiencing the Daily routine of shopping of locals here, you’ll also see the fresh juices, fruits, chocolates, and even enjoy the variety of local food they cook here. Must be careful: La Bouqeria is closed on Sundays.
4.CASA MILA (LA PEDRERA)
Casa Mila is Gaudi’s other famous monument visited by tourists after La Sagrada Familia. Also called ‘La Pedrera’, the most famous part of this monument is its outstanding chimneys. It was designed for the well known business man of that period, Pere Mila.
Established between 1906-1912 years, the house is placed in Carrer de Provença which is 15 minutes walk to Catalunya Square. As it may not get your attention at first, your eyes will definetely catch the long cues created by tourists in front of the entrance.
Planned to be sold as flats Casa Mila is among the modernist buildings of Barcelona. Gaudi inspired to create moss inside wavy sea at front side of the building. When you look at carefully, it’s obvious the waves are reslected as balconies.
The most well known part of the building is its terrace. Because, the chimneys is insterestingly designed, arranged and opened to visit under the name of ‘Espai Gaudi’. As it reminiscents the medieval chevalier, it gets attention. Walking around chimneys the road is up and down, gives feelings of wave. Also it offers one of the nice views of Barcelona city. If you visit it on afternoon, you’ll be amazed by the light Works around chimneys.
Today, the building is belong to one of the giant banks of Barcelona; Caxia Catalunya. The first floor is still used by Mia Family.
Its second name ‘La Pedrera’ means ‘stone pit’. The erason why, people found the building interesting, also some wanted to mock on it.
Casa Mila is protected by UNESCO World Heritage Site on 1984.
5.POBLE ESPANYOL / SPANISH VILLAGE
Placed in Montjuic Hill, Pablo Espanol is a famous open air museum. Created by famous streets and buildings of different cities of Spain, Pablo Espanol is built to Show the rischness of Spain on the universal exhibition on 1929.
Established in order to showcase in exhibition for 6 months only, the village later become tourist attraction. Designed by famous architects and artists, buildings are the imitaiton of 117 well known building among all Spain.
While there are cafes lined up at the main square, the side roads are filled with workshops that are weaving, carving, pottery making and many more handmade arts. The entrance building Torres de Avila turned out to be night club by the designer Alfredo Arribas and Javier Mariscal.
There are restaurants and inside the village. Not heavily tourists around, so you can take photographs around, look at Barcelona view from the Montjuic Hill and spend a great time
Placed in the Carmen Hill, Park Güell resembles like fairy tale with its special designed buildings, mosaic patterned stairs, winding roads, nature and fabulous colors, which captivates the visitors.
Protected by UNESCO World Heritage Site on 1984, Park Güell doesn’t offer the beauty of itself only but amazing city view too.
Beginning of 1990s, the rich industrialist Eusebio Güell appoints Gaudi to build a park which would reflect the Catalan modernism and magnificance at the hills of Barcelona. After the 14 years of construction, park was launched on 1926.
As seen in other monuments of Gaudi, he was inspired from the nature itself again while building the Park Güell. You can realize this even before entering to the park. Made of stone, mushroom shaped domes are the first example of it and is a symbol of what to see inside.
One of the most important symbols of the park is the huge lizard sculpture in the middle of the stairs. That sculpture is the example of how much Gaudi loves the nature. It’s the custom to took a photograph with the lizard which gets all the attention of the tourists.
This stairs road ends to a big square designed with columns. This square is the place for you to see the wonderful city view of Barcelona. Again, to observe the whole mosaic designs here one by one can take a day time. Because they have used trencadis ceramics.
There is a Gaudi Museum inside the Pak Güell. Designed by Gaudi’s friend Francesc Berenguer, Gaudi lived in that house for 20 years between 1906-1926. You can see the different design of furnitures he made here.
FC Barcelona’s official football team stadium Camp Nou is one of the places to recieve interest widely. There are special tours for tourists and fans of the team with payment. If you want, you can have tour around with Professional guides with extra payment.
Here is the Europe’s biggest, world’s fifth biggest stadium. Designed and established by Catalan Architecht Francesc Mitjans, opened up after 3 years. Renewed before the World cup, the viewers capacity is increased to 120.000 people. Later, by the request of UEFA, this number is diminished to 98.772. Stadium’s is placed on 55.000 sqm, its height is 48 meters, length is 250 meters, width is 220 meters.
If there’s any match during your visit, you can get your ticket even from touristic shops.
There’s Camp Nou Stadium Museum at the same place. You can visit both stadium and the museum with one ticket. This is one of the most visited museums among the city. Told about past 100 years about history, you can see the countless cups at the same time.
8.MUSEU NATIONAL ART DE CATALUNYA
Barcelona’s one of the most splendid museums is also called ‘MNAC’ in short, designed neo-classic, neo barok style by Catalan artist Jose Puigi, established around Montjuic Hill, overtakes the city look. As the museum owns many important art collections, you may need to spend at least your half day here. Especially the Catalan Art Collection is too impressive.There are examples from the art movement of Modernism, Romantism, Aventgarde and Noucentism. You can see the ‘Batalla de Tetuan’ painting by the artist Maria Fortuny which reflects the war between Spanish and Moroccan armies.
Other important collection of the museum is Romanesk Art Collection. The museum is one of the richest museum in that sense. There are artfacts from 11th and 12th centuries. Frescos colelcted from churches makes the important side of the collection. The frescos are unplagged with a special technique to be carried to the museum. There are imitations of the original frescas in the churches.
Other collections can be counted as ;’Battala de Tetuan’ by Maria Fortuny, ‘Mara de Deu dels Consallers’ by Luis Dalmau, ‘Immaculate Conception’ by Francisco de Zurbaran, ‘Al legoria de l’amor^’ by Francisco de Goya, ‘Lucrecia morta sculpture’ by Damia Campeny, ‘The Spanish Wedding’ and ‘Ramon Casas and Pere Romeu on Tandem’ by Maria Fortuny.
Barceloneta is a calm and beautiful district lies at coast line, close to the city center. Famous with its small fish restaurants and cafes, also owns the beach which is closer to the city center. Narrow streets next to the port, small squares and with old bars, this small fisher district is totally different than its neighbour Port Olimpic which has the vibrant life with its giant shopping complexes.
Barcelonata is designed by architecht and military engineer Juan Martin del Cermen to provide housing fort he people who were deported from their houses while the caste in the Ciutadella on 1753. That time mostly fishermen and laborers were living in the houses which were 2-3 floor and every room got window to the Street. There was a sincere and friendly environment. This place presents the 150 years back look of the city with its sincere locals and old hangouts.
There is a baroque church Sant Miguel del Port in the middle of the district. Also, there’s a local bazaar Mercat de la Barceloneta (opened at 7am, Monday and Saturday afternoon is closed)
Placed at the end of the La Ramblas, Port Vell is the city’s famous port. Marine Museum, Barcelona Aquarium, Catalonia History Museum and IMAX Cinemas and many more tourist attractions are here.